CPB::I. ¿Qué puede ser hoy un marxismo ortodoxo::2. Marx, los marxistas, nosotros::a. Marx y los marxistas::03/en

From Carlos Pérez Soto
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Marx lived in the era of the rise of the working class and radicalism generated from sectors of artisans and petty bourgeois who were being wiped out by the big industrial capital, a radicalism that influenced the early development of the working consciousness. The Marxists had to live in the era of the rise of the middle class, that is, the steady increase, despite periods of disruption and crisis, of global consumption capacity in ever wider sectors of workers. A boom that, as early as 1890, allowed to speak of a "labor aristocracy" and that was reflected in the basically integrationist and reformist attitude of the mass workers' organizations. Kautskyism was no mere "diversion" nor a simple "corruption", something like a regrettable and condemnable error. It responded to a deep economic and social situation that has been accentuated throughout the century in the most advanced capitalist countries, and has been reproduced in every place where there were developments of national capitalism.