CPB::I. ¿Qué puede ser hoy un marxismo ortodoxo::2. Marx, los marxistas, nosotros::a. Marx y los marxistas::05/en
Marx lived in the golden age of scientific enlightenment, technological optimism, naturalistic and realistic culture, and his relationship with all this ideological set are contradictory and complex. He admires Darwin and criticizes him. He admires the humanism of Feuerbach, and it seems superficial to him. He admires the great advances of science and he reasons in a substantially more complex and more partisan fashion than natural science and even than his contemporary social science. He profoundly despises what he sees as superficiality of Stuart Mill, is openly suspicious of Darwinism, or objectivist realism. Marxists, however, having perfectly at hand the expressionist, surrealist, cubist, Dada, etc. revolutions have a fundamentally more simple and submissive relationship, with respect of the ideological setting of the nineteenth century. Virtually all of Marxist tradition, whether Kautskyite, Leninist and, often, even Luxemburgist councilism, is based on scientific realism, however much more flexible. He shares a naturalism with few nuances, that puts human history as an extension of nature, that believes in the existence of laws covering the entire history in a necessary and teleological manner, issues that can hardly be found in the work of Marx himself . (Unless we believed the thesis, very common among classical Marxists, that Engels had special telepathic powers that allowed him, despite the doubts of Marx, to interpret, discover and write down his true thoughts).