CPB::I. ¿Qué puede ser hoy un marxismo ortodoxo::2. Marx, los marxistas, nosotros::a. Marx y los marxistas::06/en

From Carlos Pérez Soto
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Classical Marxism never managed to assimilate the great cultural revolutions of the twentieth century, and behaved everywhere, even beyond its many political differences, as a somehow ideological extension of the Enlightenment, perhaps more militant than the Enlightenment philosophers themselves would have liked, but basically with the same philosophical foundation. And here is an important argument that I want to argue: the thought of Marx is always beyond the theoretical horizon of Enlightenment. Critics who assimilate him into a politicized Enlightenment or, conversely, to a politicized Romanticism are wrong. These judgments are perhaps relevant to portray the Marxist tradition, from Engels on, but they are always inadequate to tackle the thought of Marx. For me, the thesis that matters to defend here is that Marx's work can lead an entire political philosophy which is beyond the simple, and thoroughly modern, dichotomy between Enlightenment and Romanticism. An operation, however, that can only be done with very few later Marxists.