CPB::I. ¿Qué puede ser hoy un marxismo ortodoxo::2. Marx, los marxistas, nosotros::a. Marx y los marxistas::08/en
Marx himself experienced, during his long exile, the first and perhaps most important failure of the revolution he postulated, something he never took, and the Marxist tradition stubbornly continued with that omission: the "failure" of the English Revolution. And you need to put the word "failure" in quotes because in reality, the question was much more serious and profound: just anyone came up to make a communist revolution in the most advanced capitalist country in the world. This "failure", largely omitted, so often eluded through ad hoc hypothesis or theoretical variants forced by the immediate political situations, is the great anomaly which chairs the development of Marxist theory after Marx. And, in one way or another, all subsequent failures in Germany in the twenties, and the socialist camp as a whole finally in the eighties, may be seen from this large initial enigma. And even the whole series of "successes" of Marxism in peripheral realities, ranging from the precarious Russia, to countries such as Bulgaria, Albania, and even Ethiopia and Angola, merely show, through its reverse, the same great enigma.