CPB::I. ¿Qué puede ser hoy un marxismo ortodoxo::2. Marx, los marxistas, nosotros::a. Marx y los marxistas::12/en
Marx was never confronted with this problem. Marxists simply never knew what to do with democracy. Forced to live the revolution as a military dictatorship, because of capitalist encirclement, because of the internal needs of the process of forced industrial revolution, they never found the formulas to reconcile revolution and democracy, and permanently ranged from reformist participation in democratic booms, and military confrontation in situations of purse or oppression. I do not see in this oscillation an error, or a lack of theoretical insight. There simply a fact of reality. And it is important not to avoid it again through ad hoc hypothesis, or extraordinary theories about "democracy". The Marxist tradition, forced by the surrounding and internal reality, was deeply educated in political totalitarianism, and we need to look at this reality in the face and decide what we will do about it. At a minimum, and to retain some of the huge hypocrisy with which the common political thinking treats this point, it is necessary to say that I don't see in this any blatant reality a characteristic, or intrinsic, feature of Marxism. All of modernity is imbued with this deep totalitarian vocation. There is a deep link between totalitarianism and classical industrialization that is visible in all processes of industrialization, and that only political hypocrisy could associate as exclusive of Stalinism, overlooking the fascism of Japanese industrialization, German industrialization Nazism or even the totalitarian features present in English industrialization, whose "democracy" was censitary, and discriminatory to much more recent times than the opportunists would like to acknowledge.