CPB::I. ¿Qué puede ser hoy un marxismo ortodoxo::2. Marx, los marxistas, nosotros::c. Marx::04/en
Marx thinks the alienation as an objective problem, as a historical situation that transcends the will or the consciousness of the actors, that is, he thinks of it as something global, structural, intrinsic to the capitalist system, so that it only can really be resolved by abolishing the whole system. In the case of capitalism, alienation is expressed in the mechanism of extraction and private appropriation of surplus value, which, of course, can not be resolved case by case, or improved by higher levels of participation in the product for workers, because it is a historic construct that is densely protected by the legal, political and ideological system called "dictatorship of the bourgeoisie". The differences between legitimate and illegitimate, the healthy and the sick, what is allowed and the offense, honesty and shamelessness, are all historically designed around the essential fact of appropriation of surplus value. The conversion of all human labor to the universal and abstract equivalent of "money" is the effective and accepted form in which a system operates, whose depth, in social facts, in consciousness, in thought and action, is so great that it only can be called "dictatorship", regardless if it is a military dictatorship or practicing democratic formalities.