CPB::I. ¿Qué puede ser hoy un marxismo ortodoxo::2. Marx, los marxistas, nosotros::c. Marx::05/en
Marx thought that only a "revolutionary dictatorship of the proletariat" could end the dictatorship of the bourgeoisie. And, on more than one occasion, he considered that this was substantially the only idea that really belonged to him in all of his work. The essential question, regardless of whether the dictatorship of the proletariat is of a military nature, or is achieved through democracy, is what content it might have. Beyond overthrowing the dictatorship of the bourgeoisie, Marx thought that the revolution had to overcome the objective effects that it had generated, namely, poverty, backwardness, inequality. But beyond that, the essential question is always alienation. Overcoming alienation required, in his thinking, to overcome at least the mechanism from which it operated, ie, private appropriation of surplus value, because of which he proposed that production was to be in the hands of direct producers, or in general, that there should be democratic control over the mode of production.