CPB::I. ¿Qué puede ser hoy un marxismo ortodoxo::2. Marx, los marxistas, nosotros::c. Marx::13/en
Marx believed that the communist revolution was possible, secondly, because of the formation of an universal class, whose liberation would involve the liberation of all humanity: the working class. On the one hand, production would have been objectively socialized, that is, it would have reached a very high degree of division of labor, and high interdependence of all jobs. On the other hand, class contradictions would have been simplified to the extent that all work has been reduced to commodity exchange, leaving only the owners of the means of production facing the wage-earners, "who have only their chains to lose", ie who would be united by the maximum possible alienation. Finally, these workers actually do exercise, and could dominate the social division of work, could take care of it, reappropriate it. All these conditions are what can be called "emergence of an universal class".