CPB::I. ¿Qué puede ser hoy un marxismo ortodoxo::3. Un marxismo de nuevo tipo::d. Un marxismo posible::16/en
The historical oscillation between Kantian or Hegelian readings, however, should not be confused with the oscillation between Enlightenment and Romanticism, which characterizes Kant's extreme. As Hegel could show quite astutely, Romanticism is but the other side of the Enlightenment, under the same modern logic. Hegel's claim, however, is that you can go beyond that oscillation, towards an absolute humanism in which history is a subject. The ethical emphasis of Romanticism, and the epistemological emphasis of Enlightenment, are but two moments of a common logic. A moment that tends to turn the ethical into existential passion, another one that tends to turn knowledge into the director of all spheres of human coexistence. Both moments, expressed as specific policies, have led to totalitarianism. A Marxism which wants to formulate itself beyond totalitarian logic that has permeated modern politics, would have to go beyond this dichotomy, ie, beyond modern logic as a whole. That is the claim that can be developed from Hegel.